Client factors refer to “specific capacities, characteristics, or beliefs that reside within the person and that influence performance in occupations,” as divided into the following categories (AOTA, 2014, p. S7)
a) Values, beliefs and spirituality
Values, beliefs and spirituality refer to the way that an individual views what is important in life. This includes their understanding of what makes an activity worthwhile and what makes a human life have purpose.
b) Body functions
Body functions refer to “the physiological function of body systems, including psychological functions” (AOTA, 2014, p. S7). Examples of body functions include touch, pain, ROM, strength, tone, endurance, and breathing.
RELATED ICE VIDEOS
Search the ICE Video Library for the titles below, or for keywords such as: range of motion, strength, sensation, endurance, and respiratory.
- Radial Fracture, Patient Education 3: AROM Program
- Radial Fracture, Part 5: Measuring Hand Strength
- Total Knee Replacement, 14 days post: Knee Mobilization
- Total Knee Replacement, 7 days post: Strengthening with a Balance Disc
- Rotator Cuff Repair, Part 3: Increasing ROM in Shoulder Flexion
- Ventilator Part 1: Breathing and Suctioning with Respiratory Therapy
c) Body structures
Body structures refer to “the anatomical parts of the body, such as organs, limbs, and their components” (AOTA, 2014, p. S7). Examples of body structures include (1) bones and muscles that support musculoskeletal functions and (2) heart and blood vessels that support cardiovascular function.
RELATED ICE VIDEOS
Search the ICE Video Library for the titles below, or for keywords such as: muscle, and skin.
- Total Knee Replacement, 7 days post: Initial Exam
- Radial Fracture, Part 3: Measuring ROM
- Rotator Cuff Repair, Part 1: Initial Assessment
Ask these questions when watching the related videos.
- How do you think this individual’s disability affect the way he/she sees the world? How would a sudden disability affect the way you see the world, including your purpose in the world and what you view as worthwhile?
- How do body functions, such as strength, range of motion, balance, and respiratory endurance, affect one’s ability to engage in occupations?
- How are body functions and body structures interrelated?
- Does the absence of a particular body function or structure mean that the individual will not be able to engage in a particular life task? For example, if someone is lacking the ability to move their right arm, does this mean that he/she will not be able to get dressed?
- How do occupational therapists help others modify tasks to enable success despite impaired body functions and structures?
Amanda K. Giles, OTD, OTR/L
Division of Occupational Therapy
College of Health Professions
Medical University of South Carolina